Who Signed The Stockholm Agreement

A review of each part of the agreement suggests that international attention to findings of serious international crimes and human rights violations in Yemen will help influence the parties` actions to accept the terms and conditions they eventually agreed in Sweden. In Sweden, the Yemeni government and Houthi delegations agreed on December 11, 2018 to exchange more than 15,000 prisoners by the 20th of the following month, after having already exchanged lists. Not only did the parties miss the deadline, but they also failed to achieve the comprehensive agreement, even though they have since unilaterally released hundreds of prisoners each, according to the UN. Between April and August 2019, 31 minors were released after being detained in Saudi Arabia; Houthi rebels released 290 prisoners in September; Saudi Arabia released 128 Houthi detainees in November; and on New Year`s Day, Houthi rebels released six more Saudi prisoners. While these measures have undoubtedly relieved many families, trust between those involved remains limited, as less than 5% of the prisoners captured in the deal have been released. The intention of the parties to take human rights considerations into account when agreeing on the Stockholm Agreement is crucial. Given the serious and widespread international crimes and human rights violations claimed on all sides, it is significant that in supporting the Stockholm Agreement, the parties have explicitly „recognized“ the importance of urgently addressing the „humanitarian situation“ with respect to prisoners in Yemen and have agreed on „legal procedures and provisions, in particular the conventions, principles and norms of international humanitarian law [and] of human rights“. [30] The parties went so far as to involve the International Committee of the Red Cross to „ensure respect for basic humanitarian principles and procedures“[31] and to recognize that humanitarian considerations motivated the ceasefire and the deployment of troops in Hodeidah. 2- An executive mechanism to activate the Prisoner Exchange Agreement. It becomes clear that the agreement was the result of reports of widespread human rights violations in prisons reaching the level of war crimes and crimes against humanity, and led to the conclusion in the report of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Panel of Eminent Experts that „the Governments of Yemen, of the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia“ and also the „de facto authorities for international human rights violations“ „which constitute the following war crimes: rape, degrading and cruel treatment, torture and outrage at the disemboweled of personal dignity.“ [29] The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants is an international environmental agreement signed in 2001 and entered into force in May 2004 that aims to eliminate or restrict the production and use of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). .