On July 2, 1972, the two countries reached an agreement. The main clauses of the Simla agreement are as follows: the agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until an armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was deemed too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the deaths that followed in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters, for example. B avalanches in 2010, 2012 and 2016. The agreement was reached by mutual agreement and signed after the 1971 Indo-pak War, after which East Pakistan was liberated, which led to the formation of Bangladesh. Shimla Agreement: 2. July 1972 1972 Agreement: what is it? The shimla agreement was signed on July 2, 1972 by indira Gandhi, then Indian Prime Minister, and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated eastern Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. The shimla agreement was a comprehensive plan to enable good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. In this context, both India and Pakistan have decided to abandon past conflicts and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation among themselves. Shimla Agreement: Key Principles The Shimla Agreement includes a number of principles on which both India and Pakistan have agreed and which emphasize respect for each other`s sovereignty, territorial integrity, sovereign equality, non-interference in each other`s internal affairs, respect for each other`s political independence and unity, as well as the dissemination of hostile propaganda.
The principles of the Shimla Agreement are as follows:- Mutual commitment to a peaceful solution to all problems through direct bilateral approaches.- Build the basis for a cooperative relationship based on people-to-people contacts.- Maintain the inviolability of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir.Shimla Agreements: Main Features 1. . . .